JLPT N3

  1. 【JLPT N3★まま (mama): as it is】 

    Meaning: as it is; unchangedFormation:Noun + のままVerb-casual, past + ままVerb-…

  2. 【JLPT N3★くせに (kuse ni): even though, and yet, desp…

    Meaning: even though, and yet, in spite ofFormation:Verb-Casual + くせにNou…

  3. 【JLPT N3★くらい (kurai): to the extent that, so… that…

    Meaning: to the extent that, so much… thatFormation:Verb-casual + くらい/ぐらいいad…

  4. 【JLPT N3★ことはない (koto wa nai): there is no need to,…

    Meaning: there is no need to; never happensFormation:Verb-dictionary form …

  5. 【JLPT N3★ことにする (koto ni suru): to decide on】 

    Meaning: to decide toto decide (not) to ~ (focusing on one’s decision)Form…

  6. 【JLPT N3★ことになる (koto ni naru): it has been decided…

    Meaning: it has been decided that…, it has been arranged so that…, it turns out …

  7. 【JLPT N3★ことに (koto ni): unusually, especially】 

    Meaning: to my…; ~lyFormation:Verb-casual, past + ことにVerb-dictionary form + …

  8. 【JLPT N3★ことから (koto kara): from the fact that】 

    Meaning: from the fact that…,A because of B (Reason, Cause)Formation:Verb-cas…

  9. 【JLPT N3★ことか (koto ka): how…! what…!】 

    Meaning: how…!; what…!Formation:Verb-casual, past + ことかVerb-non-past + こ…

  10. 【JLPT N3★ことがある (koto ga aru): there are times when…

    Meaning: there are times when; (something) happens on occasionsFormation:V…

  11. 【JLPT N3★ことだ (koto da): should】 

    Meaning: should (used when giving suggestions or advice)Formation:Verb-dic…

  12. 【JLPT N3★こと (koto)/ must】 

    Meaning: (must) doFormation:Verb-dictionary form + ことVerb-ないform + こと…

  13. 【JLPT N3★こそ (koso)”for sure (emphasize prece…

    Meaning: for sure (emphasize preceding word); precisely; definitely; the very~…

  14. 【JLPT N3★きり (kiri): only, just】 

    Meaning: only, just, since, afterFormation:Noun + きり/っきりVerb-casual + きり…

  15. 【JLPT N3★切れない (kirenai) “being too much to f…

    Meaning: not be able to finish doing something (because there is too much/ther…

  16. 【JLPT N3★切る (kiru): to do something completely to …

    Meaning: to do something completely to the endFormation:Verb-stem + 切る/切れる…

  17. 【JLPT N3★決して~ない (kesshite ~ nai)”never, by n…

    Meaning: never; by no means; not in the least; in no wayFormation:決して+ Nou…

  18. 【JLPT N3★っけ (kke): “what is… again?”】

    Meaning: what is… again?We use particle っけ to indicate that the speaker is t…

  19. 【JLPT N3★ 代わりに (kawari ni)” instead of, in e…

    Meaning: instead of, in exchange forFormation:Noun + の代わりにVerb-casual + …

  20. 【JLPT N3★から言うと (kara iu to) “in terms of, f…

    Meaning: in terms of; from the point of view ofFormation:Noun + から言うと/から言え…

  1. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N2★ことなく (koto naku): without doing…
  2. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★(よ)うが/(よ)うと (you ga/you to): no…
  3. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★とは (towa): [indicates word or p…
  4. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N3★ 一方だ (ippou da) “more and…
  5. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N2★にしろ~にしろ (ni shiro~ni shiro): wh…
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