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  1. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★ずくめ (zukume): entirely, completely】

    Meaning: entirely; completelyFormation:Noun + ずくめ日本語…

  2. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★ずじまい (zu jimai): never】

    Meaning: never; did not (have the chance to);ended up notFormation:Verb-…

  3. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★ざる (zaru): not, -un】

    Meaning: not; un-Formation:Verb-ないform (-ない) + ざるException: する => せざ…

  4. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★ゆえに (yue ni): therefore, consequently】

    Meaning: because, due to, thereforeFormation:Verb-casual + (が)ゆえ(に)/(が)ゆ…

  5. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★ようによっては (you ni yotte wa): depending on】

    Meaning: depending onFormation:Verb-ますstem + ようによっては日本…

  6. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★(よ)うにも~ない (you nimo~nai): even if one tri…

    Meaning: even if one tries to do something, it can’t be doneFormation:Ve…

  7. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★(よ)うものなら (you mono nara): if one chooses …

    Meaning: if one chooses to; if one happens toFormation:Verb-volitional f…

  8. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★(よ)うか~まいか (you ka~mai ka): whether or not…

    Meaning: whether or notFormation:Verb-volitional form + か + Verb-diction…

  9. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★(よ)うが~まいが/(よ)うと~まいと (you ga~mai ga/you to…

    Meaning: whether or notFormation:Verb-volitional + うが + Verb-dictionary …

  10. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★(よ)うが/(よ)うと (you ga/you to): no matter ho…

    Meaning: even if; no matter how/whatFormation:Verb-volitional + が/とNou…

  11. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★やしない (yashinai): not (emphatic negative)】…

    Meaning: not (emphatic negative)Formation:Verb-ますstem + やしない &nb…

  12. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★や否や (ya ina ya): the moment that, as soon…

    Meaning: the moment that; no sooner than; as soon asThe full version i…

  13. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★はさておき (wa sateoki): setting aside】

    Meaning: setting asideFormation:Noun + はさておき日本語 / にほんご /…

  14. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★はおろか (wa oroka): let alone, not to mentio…

    Meaning: let alone; not to mention; needless to sayFormation:Noun + はおろか…

  15. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★つ~つ (tsu~tsu): [indicates two contrasting…

    Meaning: indicates two contrasting actionsFormation:Verb-ますstem + つ + Ve…

  16. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★とはいうものの (towa iu mono no): having said th…

    Meaning: having said that; be that as it mayFormation:Phrase 1 + とはいうものの…

  17. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★とはいえ (towaie): nonetheless, although】

    Meaning: nonetheless; though; although; be that as it mayFormation:Verb-…

  18. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★とは (towa): [indicates word or phrase bein…

    Meaning: indicates word or phrase being defined with emphasis/surpriseForm…

  19. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★とても~ない (totemo~nai): cannot possibly】

    Meaning: cannot possibly; there is no wayFormation:とても + Verb-ないform…

  20. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★とて (tote): even if, even though】

    Meaning: evenFormation:Noun + とて日本語 / にほんご / Japanese(…

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  1. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N2★どうせ (douse): anyway, anyhow】 
  2. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★ときている (to kite iru): because】
  3. JLPT N5

    【JLPT N5★の (no) – 1: of (possessive part…
  4. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★というか (to iu ka): or, or more pr…
  5. Japanese Sentence Patterns

    【JLPT N1★をよそに (o yoso ni): despite】
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